Two-thirds of them were volunteers, not conscripts. 2,709,918 Americans served in uniform in Vietnam. There are a number of little known, interesting facts about the Vietnam War. How could we lose a war we had already stopped fighting? The United States of America spent $1.02 trillion dollars (2015 USD) on the Vietnam War. In that respect, it failed: the two Vietnams were united under a communist banner in July 1976. During that same Census count, the number of Americans falsely claiming to have served was: 9,492,958. Of the 2.6 million, between 1-1.6 million (40-60%) either fought in combat, provided close support or were at least fairly regularly exposed to enemy attack. The United States of America spent $1.02 trillion dollars (2015 USD) on the Vietnam War. South Vietnam: 850,000 United States: 540,000 South Korea: 50,000 Others: 80,000 plus. 6. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, but his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, continued the work that Kennedy had started. The U.S. military reported 58,220 American casualties. 7,484 women (6,250 or 83.5% were nurses) served in Vietnam. A disproportionate number of young soldiers died in the conflict with over 60% of those killed being under the age of 21. Find out How This Little Stove Could Save Your Life! Vietnam war facts are also ones of remarkable feats of courage, determination, and sacrifice. Today you are going to find out the real true facts of the Vietnam War. The Vietnamese pilot who dropped the napalm in error is currently living in the United States. Here are 15 interesting facts on the Vietnam War: The Vietnam War began on 1 November 1955 and ended with the fall of Saigon 30 April 1975, lasting 19 and 1/2 years. As of the current Census taken during August, 2000, the surviving U.S. Vietnam Veteran population estimate is: 1,002,511. Sociologists Charles C. Moskos and John Sibley Butler, in their recently published book “All That We Can Be,” said they analyzed the claim that blacks were used like cannon fodder during Vietnam “and can report definitely that this charge is untrue. Although the percent that died is similar to other wars, amputations or crippling wounds were 300 percent higher than in World War II. Fact: The domino theory was accurate. Those who argue that the United States’ opponents won the war cite the United States’ overall objectives and outcomes. STATISTICS FOR INDIVIDUALS IN UNIFORM AND IN COUNTRY VIETNAM VETERANS: 9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the Vietnam Era (August 5, 1964 – May 7, 1975). 87% of Americans hold Vietnam Veterans in high esteem. Warships & Submarines Vietnam War Casualties (1955-1975) America paid a terrible price for its involvement in the Vietnam War - nearly 60,000 killed-in-action, over 150,000 wounded, and some 1,600 missing. This is hard to believe, losing nearly 711,000 between ’95 and ’00. He received his B.A. Meanwhile, the United States, its military demoralized and its civilian electorate deeply divided, began a process of coming to terms with defeat in what had been its longest and most controversial war. This makes calculations of those alive, even in 2017, difficult to maintain. As of January 15, 2018, 1,601 American soldiers who fought in the Vietnam War remained unaccounted for. The two countries finally resumed formal diplomatic relations in 1995. “The CDC Vietnam Experience Study Mortality Assessment showed that during the first 5 years after discharge, deaths from suicide were 1.7 times more likely among Vietnam veterans than non-Vietnam veterans. Over the following years, additions to the list have brought the total past 58,200. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. From the end of the 19 th Century up until the 1940s Vietnam had been a French colony and formed part of French Indochina. We are a woman-owned small business and Veteran-owned incorporated in Ohio. Warships & Submarines Vietnam War Casualties (1955-1975) America paid a terrible price for its involvement in the Vietnam War - nearly 60,000 killed-in-action, over 150,000 wounded, and some 1,600 missing. By 1969 more than 500,000 U.S. military personnel were stationed in Vietnam. The United States officially entered the war in 1965 when the North Vietnamese attacked the USS Maddox, backing South Vietnam. North Vietnam lost 1.1 million soldiers while 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died. Americans who deliberately killed civilians received prison sentences while Communists who did so received commendations. 85% of Vietnam Veterans made successful transitions to civilian life. 75,000 Vietnam veterans are severely disabled. From 1957 to 1973, the National Liberation Front assassinated 36,725 Vietnamese and abducted another 58,499. The Vietnam War left a legacy of unexploded bombs. 2 8,744,000 GIs were on active duty during the war (Aug 5, 1964 – March 28, 1973). 58,148 were killed and 304,000 wounded out of 2.7 million who served. 2,709,918 Americans served in Vietnam, this number represents 9.7% of their generation. With more and more troops committed to the Vietnam War, and with news of the sheer scale of human carnage, Americans started growing extremely frustrated with Washington’s usage of brute force. 75,000 Vietnam veterans are severely disabled. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. a combat veteran general, also was a voice that supported overwhelming force if war was the president's choice. For the period of the Vietnam War the totals are 1,310,000 between 1955 and 1964, 1,700,000 between 1965–74 and 810,000 between 1975 and 1984. Vietnam Veterans are less likely to be in prison – only one-half of one percent of Vietnam Veterans have been jailed for crimes. This was another example in the Vietnam War of an inaccuracy becoming the perceived truth. The Vietnam War was fought between North and South Vietnam. Vietnam Syndrome. Worksheets / Social Studies / Famous Wars / Vietnam War Facts & Worksheets Isolated atrocities committed by American Soldiers produced torrents of outrage from anti-war critics and the news media while Communist atrocities were so common that they received hardly any media mention at all. Over 900,000 patients were airlifted (nearly half were American). It’s estimated that 1.32 to 4.24 million people, both military personnel and civilians, were killed during the Vietnam War. It is also the war that many do not understand fully because the information given by the media and taught in schools is usually limited, incomplete, incorrect and full of bias for both sides in the war. CNN Editorial Research Updated 10:53 AM EDT, Sun April 12, 2020 (CNN) — Here’s a look at the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War is one of if not arguably the most devastating and well-known war happening after the infamous World War I and World War II. The U.S. military has estimated that between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died. It took place in Laos, Cambodia, and North and South Vietnam. FREE SHIPPING IN USA ON ORDERS OVER $295.00. War crimes were committed by both sides during the conflict and included rape, massacres of civilians, bombings of civilian targets, terrorism, the widespread use of torture, and the murder of prisoners of war. 74% say they would serve again, even knowing the outcome. Vietnam War Statistics. Alan Rohn June 27, 2014 Leave a comment. Kennedy’s expansion stemmed in part from Cold War-era fears about the “domino theory”: if communism took hold in Vietnam, it would topple democracies throughout the whole of Southeast Asia, it was thought. The Vietnam War The USA became involved in Vietnam because it feared the spread of communism. The average infantryman in Vietnam saw about 240 days of combat in one year thanks to the mobility of the helicopter. The United States entered Vietnam with the principal purpose of preventing a communist takeover of the region. That’s 390 per day. Laos experience around 30,000 dead. There were no Americans involved in any capacity. 11,465 of those killed were younger than 20 years old. 58,148 out of them were killed in Vietnam. The fall of Saigon happened 30 April 1975, two years AFTER the American military left Vietnam. These records were transferred into the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration in 2008. Numbers certainly do not tell the whole story - or all of them - but they certainly paint a picture of lives lost and families devastated. Thanks for the perceived loss and the countless assassinations and torture visited upon Vietnamese, Laotians, and Cambodians goes mainly to the American media and their undying support-by-misrepresentation of the anti-War movement in the United States. In 1995 Vietnam released its official estimate of the number of people killed during the Vietnam War: as many as 2,000,000 civilians on both sides and some 1,100,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong fighters. Among other countries that fought for South Vietnam, South Korea had more than 4,000 dead, Thailand about 350, Australia more than 500, and New Zealand some three dozen. Hack volunteered for service in Vietnam in 1968, joining the 1st Infantry Division. Result. The reason for the Vietnam War was the attack of North Vietnamese boats on American destroyers – was forged by the US intelligence and protests of Vietnamese military against falsified information were ignored. Black fatalities amounted to 12 percent of all Americans killed in Southeast Asia, a figure proportional to the number of blacks in the U.S. population at the time and slightly lower than the proportion of blacks in the Army at the close of the war.”. The fact is that 2,709.918 American soldiers took part in this war. Vietnam War Facts Dates. – Nixon Presidential Papers. Additional common crimes included theft, arson, and the destruction of property not warranted by military necessity. Without the helicopter it would have taken three times as many troops to secure the 800 mile border with Cambodia and Laos (the politicians thought the Geneva Conventions of 1954 and the Geneva Accords or 1962 would secure the border). African-American servicemen deaths as a percentage of all Vietnam War deaths: 12.5% 29 In 1970, African-American population in the United States as a percentage of the entire population: 11% 30. Although the bulk of the fighting took place in Vietnam, the war also spilled over into neighboring Laos and Cambodia in the early 1970s. South Vietnam: 200,000 – 400,000 civilians 170,000-220,000 military Over 1 million wounded United States: 58,200 dead 300,000 wounded In 1982 the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C., inscribed with the names of 57,939 members of U.S. armed forces who had died or were missing as a result of the war. The U.S. military has estimated that between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died in the war. Vietnam War Statistics Personnel. The peace settlement was signed in Paris on 27 January 1973. Called the “American War” in Vietnam (or, in full, the “War Against the Americans to Save the Nation”), the war was also part of a larger regional conflict (see Indochina wars) and a manifestation of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies. 9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the Vietnam Era (5 August 1965-7 May 1975) 8,744,000 personnel were on active duty during the war (5 August 1964-28 . 11,465 of those killed were younger than 20 years old. Their personal income exceeds that of our non-veteran age group by more than 18 percent. The first man to die in Vietnam was James Davis, in 1961. The Indonesians threw the Soviets out in 1966 because of America’s commitment in Vietnam. 58,169 were killed and 304,000 wounded out of 2.59 million who served. They have a lower unemployment rate than the same non-vet age groups. Casualties. As of April 14, 2017, there are 1,611 Americans still unaccounted for from the Vietnam War across Vietnam (1,258), Laos(297), Cambodia(49), and China(7). During this Census count, the number of Americans falsely claiming to have served in-country is: 13,853,027. Since 1941 Congress has declared war only six times, all during World War II. The age at which a U.S. serviceman was most likely to die in the Vietnam War: 20 28. It lasted for 19 and 1/2 years. Still, militarily, the Tet Offensive was a total defeat of the Communist forces on all fronts. At the heart of the conflict was the desire of North Vietnam, which had defeated the French colonial administration of Vietnam in 1954, to unify the entire country under a single communist regime modeled after those of the Soviet Union and China. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Race and Gender Statistics. North Vietnamese Victory. 9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the Vietnam Era (Aug 5, 1964 – May 7, 1975). The U.S. military has estimated that between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died. Fact: Mortality studies show that 9,000 is a better estimate. 8,744,000 GIs were on active duty during the war (Aug 5, 1964-March 28, 1973). Of those killed, 61% were younger than 21 years old. Learn about Vietnam War protests, the Tet Offensive, the My Lai Massacre, the Pentagon Papers and more. Those who argue that the United States won the war point to the fact that the U.S. defeated communist forces during most of Vietnam’s major battles. The Statistics in the Combat Area Casualty File (CACF 11/93) show an average age of death much higher than that of news reports. The Davis Station in Saigon was named for him. from Johns Hopkins and his MA and... U.S. Marines bombing bunkers and tunnels used by the Viet Cong, 1966. 9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the official Vietnam era from August 5, 1964 to May 7, 1975. By this census, FOUR OUT OF FIVE WHO CLAIM TO BE VIETNAM VETS ARE NOT. This is an effort to collect and bring the hidden facts, myths and statistics of the Vietnam War to light. It resulted in the death of some 45,000 NVA troops and the complete, if not total destruction of the Viet Cong elements in South Vietnam. The youngest was 16 while the oldest man killed in action was 62. A list of some of the key facts of the Vietnam War, from its origins in the aftermath of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 to the major turning points in the conflict, including the Tet Offensive and the rise of popular opposition to the war in the United States. Two-thirds of them were volunteers, not conscripts. The incident in the photo took place on the second day of a three day battle between the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) who occupied the village of Trang Bang and the ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam) who were trying to force the NVA out of the village. In 1995 Vietnam released its official estimate of the number of people killed during the Vietnam War: as many as 2,000,000 civilians on both sides and some 1,100,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong fighters. There is no difference in drug usage between Vietnam Veterans and non-Vietnam Veterans of the same age group (Source: Veterans Administration Study). 58,148 were killed in Vietnam, 75,000 severely disabled, 23,214 were 100% disabled, 5,283 lost limbs and 1,081 sustained multiple amputations. MEDEVAC helicopters flew nearly 500,000 missions. The Vietnam War lasted about 40 years and involved several countries. Furthermore, domestic unrest and the financial cost of war made peace—and troop withdrawals—a necessity, not a choice. A mass exodus in 1975 of people loyal to the South Vietnamese cause was followed by another wave in 1978 of “boat people,” refugees fleeing the economic restructuring imposed by the communist regime. A prisoner of war blinked in Morse code to send one chilling word home to … One out of every 10 Americans who served in Vietnam was a casualty. Without that commitment, Communism would have swept all the way to the Malacca Straits that is south of Singapore and of great strategic importance to the free world. 8,744,000 GIs were on active duty during the war (Aug 5, 1964-March 28, 1973). You will find out the real information that proves that the information peddled by the media about this conflict is nothing more than sensationalised propaganda to sell copies of newspapers and magazines. Despite initial victories by the Communists forces, the Tet Offensive resulted in a major defeat of those forces. The total tonnage of bombs the United States dropped on North Vietnam surpassed that of the bombing of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II. Ronald H. Spector is Professor of History and International Affairs in the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. North Vietnam and Viet Cong suffered 1,100,000 soldiers killed, and 2,000,000 civilian deaths. He was with the 509th Radio Research Station. The costs and casualties of the growing war proved too much for the United States to bear, and U.S. combat units were withdrawn by 1973. Vietnamese refugees waiting to be taken aboard the USS. U.S. military advisers, present in small numbers throughout the 1950s, were introduced on a large scale beginning in 1961, and active combat units were introduced in 1965. VIETNAM VETERANS 1. Vietnam Veterans were the best educated forces our nation had ever sent into combat. The United States sought to minimize and prevent attacks on civilians while North Vietnam made attacks on civilians a centerpiece of its strategy. Two-thirds of them were volunteers, not conscripts. We fought to an agreed stalemate. However, inaccurately reported, the News Media made the Tet Offensive famous. Approximately 70% of those killed in Vietnam were volunteers. Hack received the Purple Heart for major combat injuries, and spent the rest of his military career as a recruiter for the US Army in Akron, Ohio. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The war killed 58,220 American soldiers and wounded 153,303 more. US Wings recently added to OTEXA's Made in U.S.A. Vietnam declared their independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until 1954, when it was defeated by communists. The question of who won the Vietnam War has been a subject of debate, and the answer depends on the definition of victory. The South Vietnamese government, on the other hand, fought to preserve a Vietnam more closely aligned with the West. The Department of Defense Vietnam War Service Index officially provided by The War Library originally reported with errors that 2,709,918 U.S. military personnel as having served in-country. When a cold war becomes hot. The following tables were generated from the Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files, which is current as of April 29, 2008.The Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files contains records of 58,220 U.S. military fatal casualties of the Vietnam War. Taylor. Vietnam emerged from the war as a potent military power within Southeast Asia, but its agriculture, business, and industry were disrupted, large parts of its countryside were scarred by bombs and defoliation and laced with land mines, and its cities and towns were heavily damaged. It lasted for 19 and 1/2 years. Vietnamese refugees who fled were later called the ‘Boat people of Vietnam’. De-escalation, negotiation, and Vietnamization, The United States negotiates a withdrawal, https://www.britannica.com/event/Vietnam-War, Vietnam War - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Vietnam War - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), A parallel increase in support to the North from both China and the Soviet Union, An insurgency of communist Vietnamese (known as the Viet Cong) against the South Vietnam Army beginning in the late 1950s that grew into an ongoing guerilla campaign, Attacks on two U.S. destroyers by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin on August 5, 1964, which greatly escalated U.S. military involvement in the region and led to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving the U.S. president new authority to wage war, Increasing financial and military aid from the U.S. to South Vietnam in an attempt to limit the spread of communism in the area, The defeat of France in the French Indochina War in 1954, which produced a communist government in the victorious North Vietnam (above the 17th parallel) and a democratic government in the French-influenced South Vietnam, Economic downturn and political isolation for Vietnam, which was only supported by the Soviet Union and its allies in Eastern Europe, In contrast to the fears of the U.S. government before the war, the creation of a unified, communist Vietnam did not start a "domino effect" of spreading communism throughout the countries of the region, The collapse of the South Vietnamese government in the spring of 1975, resulting in a unified communist government in the country, The deaths of as many as 2 million Vietnamese civilians, 1.1 million North Vietnamese soldiers, 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers, and 58,000 U.S. servicemen, The emigration of some 2 million refugees from Vietnam from the late 1970s to the early '90s. STATISTICS FOR INDIVIDUALS IN UNIFORM AND IN COUNTRY. Both sides lost more than 2 million civilians. General Westmoreland quoting Douglas Pike (a professor at the University of California, Berkeley), a major military defeat for the VC and NVA. Vietnam War Fast Facts. A total of three million people from Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam fled over the span of two decades, out of which 800,000 Vietnamese fled by boat according to the UNHCR. As with much of the Vietnam War, the news media misreported and misinterpreted the 1968 Tet Offensive. The 140,000 evacuees in April 1975 during the fall of Saigon consisted almost entirely of civilians and Vietnamese military, NOT American military running for their lives. “We (Americans) had nothing to do with controlling VNAF,” according to Lieutenant General (Ret) James F. Hollingsworth, the Commanding General of TRAC at that time. The average age of the 58,148 killed in Vietnam was 23.11 years (Although 58,169 names are in the Nov. 93 database, only 58,148 have both event date and birth date. News media have reported tha an American commander ordered the air strike that burned Kim Phuc.Those are incorrect. Vietnam War Facts. Estimates of casualties of the Vietnam War vary widely. Vietnam War Statistics Personnel. The Vietnam War has been the subject of thousands of newspaper and magazine articles, hundreds of books, and scores of movies and television documentaries. 240 men were awarded the Medal of Honor during the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War was a civil war that North Vietnam launched against South Vietnam in 1959. Fact: 86% of the men who died in Vietnam were Caucasians, 12.5% were black, 1.2% were other races. Location. It decimated 5 million acres of forest and 500,000 acres of farmland. 3. The U.S. Constitution grants Congress sole authority to issue declarations of war. The Vietnam War first began in 1959, five years after the division of the country by the Geneva Accords.Vietnam had been divided into two, with a communist regime in the north under Ho Chi Minh and a democratic government in the south under Ngo Dinh Diem.In 1959, Ho commenced a guerilla campaign in South Vietnam, led by Viet Cong units, with the goal of reuniting … Over 2 million civilians from both the North and South had been killed, with over a million soldiers killed between all armies involved. 2 … Although North Vietnamese and Viet Cong casualty counts vary wildly, it is generally understood that they suffered several times the number of American casualties. 79% had a high school education or better. The ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) countries, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand stayed free of Communism because of the U.S. commitment to Vietnam. A disproportionate number of young soldiers died in the conflict with over 60% of those killed being under the age of 21. Estimates include both civilian and military deaths in North and South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.. Among other countries that fought for South Vietnam on a smaller scale, South Korea suffered more than 4,000 dead, Thailand about 350, Australia more than 500, and New Zealand some three dozen. It was reported as an overwhelming success for the Communist forces and a decided defeat for the U.S. forces. One out of every 10 Americans who served in Vietnam was a casualty. In 2012 alone, over 500 deaths in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia were attributed to munitions left over from the Vietnam War era. The protest movement against the American involvement in Vietnam began among college students but quickly spread into many areas of US society. Veterans who served in Vietnam anytime during the period beginning Jan. 9, 1962, and ending May … Vietnam Veterans represented 9.7% of their generation. While the Vietnam War was a resounding defeat for America, it doesn’t mean that the negative facts on the war are true. The United States committed some 550,000 troops to the Vietnam front at the height of the conflict, suffered more than 58,000 casualties, and engaged in battle after battle with communist forces in the region until its withdrawal in 1973. 58,148 were killed in Vietnam, 75,000 severely disabled, 23,214 were 100% disabled, 5,283 lost limbs and 1,081 sustained multiple amputations. US Wings ® provides aviation apparel to the U.S. Government and commercial customers along with the general public. A prisoner of war blinked in Morse code to send one chilling word home to … The Vietnam War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. Database. The death squads focused on leaders at the village level and on anyone who improved the lives of the peasants such as medical personnel, social workers, and school teachers. Lieutenant William L. Calley, Jr., was the only soldier ever sentenced in connection with the My Lai Massacre. Although the bulk of the fighting took place in Vietnam , the war also spilled over into neighboring Laos and Cambodia in the early 1970s. The Tet Offensive succeeded on only one front and that was the News front and the political arena. A map showing bases and supply routes during the Vietnam War. CNN Editorial Research Updated 10:53 AM EDT, Sun April 12, 2020 (CNN) — Here’s a look at the Vietnam War. Ambassador Maxwell Taylor, reported that Khanh had, at best, a 50/50 chance to survive a year. Fact: Assuming KIAs accurately represented age groups serving in Vietnam, the average age of an infantryman (MOS 11B) serving in Vietnam to be 19 years old is a myth, it is actually 22. 1 Another 1,643 were missing in action. 1954-1975. The Organization of the Viet Cong Units in the South never recovered. (At least 100 names on the memorial are those of servicemen who were actually Canadian citizens.) Fact: Servicemen who went to Vietnam from well-to-do areas had a slightly elevated risk of dying because they were more likely to be pilots or infantry officers. As visitors enter the trail, they hear the all too familiar sound associated with this war – a helicopter flying amongst enemy fire. in 1960 North Vietnam was emboldened by Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev who announced to the world that he would "support wars of liberation".After the north was unable to garner international support for unification, they were encouraged … Its unpopularity helped to shape the turbulent social movements of the 1960s and led to deep divisions within the nation. Fact: 2/3 of the men who served in Vietnam were volunteers. The terms of this expansion included yet more funding and arms, but a key alteration was the commitment of U.S. soldiers to the region. (The estimates … Meanwhile, the Soviet Union and China poured weapons, supplies, and advisers into the North, which in turn provided support, political direction, and regular combat troops for the campaign in the South. 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