pleiades greek mythology

When Agamemnon returned from the Trojan War along with his consort Cassandra, he was murdered by his … [N.B. The Pleiades are a cluster of hundreds of stars . . ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. [N.B. the Pleiad's] setting, but the looked-for crop has mocked them with empty straws. Greek Mythology Link - a collection of myths retold by Carlos Parada, author of Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology. : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : The cluster consists of some 500 stars, has a diameter of 35 light-years, and is 400 light-years distant from the earth. ", Ovid, Heroides 18. 367 ff (trans. 21; Schol. 110 - 111 (trans. THE PLEIADES were seven mountain-nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas. When Pleione once was travelling through Boeotia with her daughters, Orion, who was accompanying her, tried to attack her. in spring], and spurned with scornful foot the streams of Oceanus, and when that same star, fleeing before the sign of the water Fish, sinks sadly from heaven into the wintry waves [i.e. : : Homerica, Of the Origin of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 (trans. One day while traveling, the Pleiades and their mother met the giant hunter Orion.. The name of the Pleiades comes from Ancient Greek. Fast. Who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Ares? 549 ff (trans. again towards the end of October] to escape Oarion's (Orion's) rude strength, then truly gales of all kinds rage. Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : . Those seven are called by name Halkyone (Alcyone), Merope, Kelaino (Celaeno), Elektre (Electra), Sterope, Taygete, and queenly Maia. "The Olenian Goat" is the star-group Capra on the shoulder of the constellation Auriga whose rising marked the onset of seasonal storms.]. . ii. One day, the Pleiades were traveling with their mother and met the hunter Orion.. Orion fell in love with Pleione and her charming daughters. Their leader was Maia the mother of Hermes by Zeus. the Pleiades, several of whom were mistresses of Zeus], far wandering, put forth their band dreadful to ships and sea alike.’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. Merope, wed to Sisyphus, bore Glaucus, who, as many say, was the father of Bellerophon. : Lamprocles, Fragment 736 (from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner) (trans. The Pleiades eventually formed a constellation. "Atlas by Pleione or an Oceanitide (Oceanid) had twelve daughters, and a son, Hyas. These constellations were all associated with storms. Selene the Moon], shining with borrowed light, with encircling horns encloses her full-orbed disk. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Fasti 4. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. The Pleiades. 187 ff (trans. The five of them first put among the stars have their place between the horns of the bull . . Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. Rhod. … The setting of these constellations in late autumn marked beginning of the stormy season. p. 22), or of the queen of the Amazons. Zeus also slept with the other Atlantides [Pleiades]. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. v. 272; Ov. The Pleiades are said to have made away with themselves from grief at the death of their sisters, the Hyades, or at the fate of their father, Atlas, and were afterwards placed as stars at the back of Taurus, where they form a cluster resembling a bunch of grapes, whence they were sometimes called botrus (Eustath. The Pleiades (1885) by the Symbolist painter Elihu Vedder The Pleiades ( / ˈ p l aɪ . Campbell, Vol. ", Seneca, Hercules Furens 4 ff (trans. ", Ovid, Fasti 4. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : . ; Elektra, who was the mother of Dardanus and Iasion by Zeus. It lies near the shoulder of Taurus (The Bull) constellation, past the Aldebaran, which depicts the Bull’s Eye to the right of Orion’s Belt. to C1st A.D.) : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. The Pleiad Elektra was the foster-mother of Harmonia, grandmother of Dionysos, and so in a round-about way his ancestress. : Aeschylus, Fragment 172 (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. "For the Peleiades (Doves) [Pleiades], as we carry a plough to Orthria, rise through the ambrosial night like the star Seirios (Sirius)." For the Pleiades in other mythologies, see Pleiades in folklore and literature. 204 ff (trans. The Pleiades were seven mountain nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas and Pleione. p. 1155). They have still greater honour than the others, too, because their rising is a sign of summer, their setting of winter--a thing is not true of the other constellations. 646 ff (trans. ", Lamprocles, Fragment 736 (from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner) (trans. "[Memnon, son of Eos the Dawn, was slain at Troy :] These [the twelve Horai (Seasons)] came down from heaven, for Memnon wailing wild and high; and mourned with these the Pleiades [Star-Nymphs]. ii. . The two lower planes, the ‘mental physical’ and the ‘mental vital’, are represented by Alcyone and Celaeno, both of whom united with Poseidon. Then the Pleiades and the Olenian Goat grew dark with storm, and Orion was more wrathful than his wont." Their names were Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. 658 ff : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 13. "[Hermes addresses his aunt the Pleiad Elektra (Electra) :] ‘Good be with you, my mother's sister [Maia], bed-fellow of Zeus! "Mountain (oureias) Maia . . . "At the base of these mountains [near Lepreon in Elis], on the seaboard, are two caves [beside the River Anigros]. PLEIADES (Pleiades or Peleiades), the Pleiads, are called daughters of Atlas by Pleione (or by the Oceanid Aethra, Eustath. Their parents were Atlas, a Titan commanded by the god Zeus to hold up the earth, and Pleione, the mythical protectress of sailors. . Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) "And they who bear the name of Atlas' daughters (Atlantides) [the Pleiades] seven oft bewailed their sire's supremest labour of sustaining heaven, where as wingless Peleiades they have the form of phantoms of the night." Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : ", Statius, Silvae 1. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. the Hyades]. "[Hera complains :] ‘I must dwell on earth, for harlots hold the sky [as constellations]. Greek Mythology. Omissions? "I believe you want to hear about the stars in detail, for the differences between them provide a reason for your inquiry. "So soon as Taygete the Pleiad has shown her comely face to the earth [i.e. 80. In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters. Their parents were Atlas, a Titan who held up the sky, and the oceanid Pleione, the protectress of sailing. 304 ff : After Atlas was forced to carry the heavens on his shoulders, Orion began to pursue all of the Pleiades, and Zeus transformed them first into doves, and then into stars to comfort their father. 545 ff : (Schol. 411 ff : From Electra and Jove [Zeus], Dardanus was born; from Maia and Jove [Zeus], Mercurius [Hermes]; from Taygete and Jove [Zeus], Ladedaemon; from Alcyone and Neptunus [Poseidon], Hyrieus; from Celaeno and Neptunus [Poseidon], Lycus and Nycteus. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 (trans. : 545 ff : Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 (trans. ", Statius, Silvae 3. 172 ff (trans. Orthria is Eos goddess of the dawn or Artemis as the goddess of morning twilight. . 1 : Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) ad Hom. Campbell, Vol. ", Virgil, Georgics 4. behind with smaller wheel follows his sister [Selene the moon] and the crowded Pleiades and the fires whose tresses are wet with dripping rain [i.e. Mair) (Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C.) : Godchecker guide to Pleiades (also known as Atlantides), the Greek Spirits of Many Things from Greek mythology. "[Depicted on the walls of the palace of King Aeetes :] There iron Atlas stands in Oceanus, the wave swelling and breaking on his knees; but the god himself [Helios the Sun] on high hurries his shining steeds across the old man's body . [N.B. It is named after the seven sisters from the Greek mythology. Their parents were Pleione and Atlas who was condemned by Zeus to support the Heavens on his shoulders. ], Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. 172 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Ceaseless uprose the keen, and in their midst, fallen on her son and clasping, wailed Eos (the Dawn). i. 10. in late autumn]. From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. 330 ff (trans. "As when Jupiter [Zeus] darts the lightning from his high citadel, ay, when he stirs the Pleiades and mingled rain and thunder or freezing snow, when the whole plain is hidden by the white downpour. Thu… According to the ancient Greeks, the Pleiades were seven sisters. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. "April 2. One myth recounts that they all killed themselves out of grief over the death of their sisters, the Hyades. (Schol. [I.e. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : For forty nights and days they are hidden, but appear again as the year wears round, when first the sickle is sharpened. Their name means "Daughters of Pleione" and also "Ladies of Plenty" from the Greek word pleiôn "plenty. . "[After the death of Eos' son Memnon :] Nor Eos (the Dawn-Queen) forgat her daily course . Their names were Maia, Electra, Alcyone, Taygete, Asterope, Celaeno, and Merope. "April 2. "Pleione couples with sky-lifting Atlas--so the story is--and bears the Pleiades. She escaped, but Orion sought her for seven years and couldn't find her. ad Aen. 491d) (trans. Pleiades. : Simonides, Fragment 555 (trans. 658 ff : Many legends of cultural anthropology around the world are concerned with the Pleiades. "What when the seas have been assailed by the Pleiad, and the guardian of the Bear, and the Goat of Olenos?" As stars they are named "phantoms of the night. One of the most memorable myths involving the Pleiades is the story of how these sisters literally became stars, their catasterism. Five of the other Pleiades were also loved by gods becoming ancestresses of various royal families including those of Sparta and Troy. And so up to this time Orion seems to be following them as they flee towards the west. Hesiod, Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Scholiast on Pindar's Nemean Odea 2.16) (trans. The Pleiades are best known as a constellation in the sky consisting of seven stars. i. In Greek mythology the Seven Sisters (Alcyone, Maia, Electra, Merope, Taygete, Celaeno, and Sterope, names now assigned to individual stars), daughters of Atlas and Pleione, were changed into the stars. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? The Pleiades in Norse, Celtic, and Bronze Age Mythology. The Pleiades are seven nymphs in Greek mythology, and companions of Artemis.They were the seven daughters of Atlas and the nymph Pleione.They were all born on Mount Cyllene, which is in Arcadia.. § 1). ], Simonides, Fragment 555 (trans. In Greek mythology, the Pleiads were the seven daughters of Atlas, a Titan who held up the sky, and the oceanid Pleione, protectress of sailing. The son was killed by a wild boar or a lion, and the sisters, grieving for him, died of this grief. Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) In Greek, the word "pleiades" means "doves." Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope, Taygeta, Homerica, On the Origin of Homer and Hesiod. p. 1155), or Erechtheus (Serv. . Some think they were so named because they are joined together, that is, plesion, for they are so close together that they can scarcely be counted, nor can anyone be sure whether they are six or seven in number. iii. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. Corrections? the Pleiades] had turned their shining car. Electra was the daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra of Mycenae in Greek mythology. . Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. Driven from the band of her sisters because of this, she wears her hair long in grief, and is called a comet, or longodes because she trails out for a long distance, or xiphias because she shows the shape of a sword-point. xiii. 21 : 425 ff : 187 ff (trans. 21 (trans. [N.B. Yet not a star, I ween, has perished from the sky unmarked since the earliest memory of man, but even so the tale is told. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 6. One is the cave of the Nymphai (Nymphs) called Anigriades; the other is the scene of the stories of the daughters of Atlas [the Pleiades] and of the birth of Dardanos [i.e. The remaining ten brooded over the death of their sisters, and brought death on themselves; because so may experienced the same grief, they were called Pleiades. 6. Pleiades… "With such torrents do stormy Hyades o'erwhelm the earth of Pleiades dissolved in rain. [N.B. When he was killed in a lion hunt, the five we have mentioned, given over to continual lamentation, are said to have perished. 408 ff : Statius, Silvae 1. "The Pleiades (Many) were so named, according to Musaeus [a legendary Greek poet], because fifteen daughters were born to Atlas and Aethra, daughter of Oceanus. 21 (trans. . 646 ff (trans. p. 22), or of the queen of the Amazons. "When the Pleiades Atlagenes (Born of Atlas) are rising [early May], begin your harvest, and your ploughing when they are going to set [November]. . The Pleiades will start relieving their sire's [Atlas'] shoulders [i.e. In Mythology. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 13. You [Hermes] gave the lyre, it's thought, seven strings, the Pleiades number [i.e. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Strabo, Geography 8. ], Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. They all had children by gods (except Merope, who married Sisyphus). The Pleiades are called seven in number, but only six can be seen. 486, Od. Alexander says they were called Hyades because they were daughters of Hyas and Boeotia, Pleiades, because born of Pleio, daughter of Oceanus, and Atlas. Here are the Pleiades, signs for sowing and for reaping when they set or when they appear once more, as the changing seasons bring them; and opposite them are the Hyades. : Alcman, Fragment 1 (trans. T… According to another story, the Pleiades were virgin companions of Artemis, and, together with their mother Pleione, were pursued by the hunter Orion in Boeotia; their prayer to be rescued from him was heard by the gods, and they were metamorphosed into doves (peleiades), and placed among the stars (Hygin. Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. The faintest star of the Pleiades was thought to be either Merope, who was ashamed of loving a mortal, or Electra, grieving for Troy, the city of Dardanus, her son with Zeus. Arat. Our writers call these stars Vergiliae, because they rise after spring. 204 ff (trans. : 144.). ", Seneca, Medea 95 ff (trans. ii. The Pleiades, in Greek mythology, are the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione (named Alcyone, Merope, Electra, Celaeno, Taygeta, Maia, and Asterope). Of these, they say Electra does not appear, because of the death of Dardanus and the loss of Troy. in honour of his mother and her sisters]. ], Aratus, Phaenomena 254 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Athenaeus 11. : Other references not currently quoted here: Servius on Virgil's Aeneid 8.130. ad Hom. [1.2] ATLAS & PLEIONE (Apollodorus 3.110, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169 & 5.79) https://www.britannica.com/topic/Pleiades-Greek-mythology, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center - Pleiades Mythology. : Pindar, Nemean Ode 2. Enamoured with the young women he pursued them over the face of the Earth. Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) The Pleiades were the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione. Poseidon slept with two of them: first with Kelaino, fathering Lykos (Lycus), whom Poseidon settled in the Islands of the Blest; and then with Alkyone, who bore him a daughter Aithusa (Aethusa)--the mother with Apollon of Eleuther--, and sons Hyrieus and Lykos . Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) Others say Electra does not appear because the Pleiades are thought to lead the circling dance for the stars, but after Troy was captured and her descendants through Dardanus overthrown, moved by grief she left them and took her place in the circle called Arctic. When through their alliances the Pleiades intervene in mythology, it is to express the particular dynamic of a given plane or process. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. Campbell, Vol. Mair) (Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C.) In Greek longodes means "spear-shaped", not "long" as Hyginus says. to C1st A.D.) : 549 ff (trans. : "To Atlas and Okeanos' (Oceanus') daughter Pleione were born on Arkadian Kyllene (Arcadian Cyllene) seven daughters called the Pleiades, whose names are Alkyone (Alcyone), Merope, Kelaino (Celaeno), Elektra (Electra), Sterope, Taygete, and Maia. . 330 ff (trans. 25.) Evelyn-White) (Greek epic B.C.) 169, &c.; Hyades; and Ideler, Untersuch. 408 ff : Updates? ", Hesiod, Works and Days 618 ff : Greek Lyric III) (C6th to 5th B.C.) Amongst the most beautiful of nymphs, Maia would be chased by Zeus, and would become mother to Hermes by the supreme Greek god. the Pleiades] pass from your sight in the morn, and let the Cretan star of the blazing Crown withdraw ere you commit to the furrows the seeds due, or hasten to trust the year's hope to a reluctant soil. Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. I feed a comfortable hope, by the promises of Zeus, that with my other sisters I shall pass from the earth to the stars' Atlantean vault, and dwell in heaven myself a star with my sisters six.’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3. Their names are Electra, Maia, Taygete, Alcyone, Celaeno, Sterope, and Merope (Tzetz. 169 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. son of the Pleiad Elektra (Electra)]. This reason has been advanced, that of the seven, six mated with immortals--three with Jove [Zeus], two with Neptunus [Poseidon], and one with Mars [Ares]); the seventh was said to have been the wife of Sisyphus. 219, comp. "[Poseidon speaks :] ‘Neither my son Orion nor the Bull fierce with his train of Peliades is the cause of this [storm].’" [N.B. Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) to C1st A.D.) : 21). Albeit only six are visible to the eyes. 226; Pind. "For near the Pleiades, those mountain maids, needs must Orion follow close behind." Pleiades plē´ədēz, plī´– , in astronomy, famous open star cluster in the constellation Taurus; cataloged as M45. 25) gives the following different set of names : Coccymo, Plaucia, Protis, Parthemia, Maia, Stonychia, Lampatho. ", Homerica, Of the Origin of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 (trans. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. at the end of October], then remember to plough in season. Jove [Zeus], pitying the girls, appointed a way to the stars, and later, by some astronomers, they were called the Bull's tail. über die Sternennamen, p. 491A) (trans. The scholiast of Theocritus (xiii. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : ", Strabo, Geography 8. [1.3] ATLAS & AITHRA (Musaeus Frag, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 5.164), [1.1] TAYGETE, ELEKTRA, ALKYONE, STEROPE, KELAINO, MAIA, MEROPE (Hesiod Astronomy, Apollodorus 3.110, Aratus Phaenomena 254, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169, Nonnus Dionysiaca 3.330), PLEIADES (Pleiades or Peleiades), the Pleiads, are called daughters of Atlas by Pleione (or by the Oceanid Aethra, Eustath. From this she appears, in grief for such a long time, with her hair unbound, that, because of this, she is called a comet. Maia, who was the eldest.She was the mother of Hermes by Zeus. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Still riseth up in sight of toil-worn men their bright troop in the skies; but she alone hides viewless ever, since the hallowed town [Troy] of her son Dardanos in ruin fell. They all had children by gods (except Merope, who married Sisyphus). ], Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Athenaeus 11. 356 ff : Their parents were the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid, Pleione. 304 ff : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. 10 ff (trans. "[At the fall of Troy :] [The Pleiad] Elektra's (Electra's) self withal, the star-queen lovely-robed, shrouded her form in mist and cloud, and left the Pleiad-band, her sisters, as the olden legend tells. F. E. Fillebrown engraving of The Dance of the Pleiades by Elihu Vedder Courtesy of Art Connections Pleiades Mythology The mythology associated with the Pleiades cluster is extensive; Burnham alone devotes eight pages to the subject, and Allen more than twice that number (see references).Here only Greek legends are presented. "So does starlight splendour wane . : Atlas fathered her, outstanding in beauty among his seven dear violet-haired daughters who are called the heavenly Peleiades (Doves). In the mountains of Kyllene (Cyllene) she [Maia] bare Hermes, the herald of the gods.’", Pindar, Nemean Ode 2. 491d) (trans. Greek Lyric II) (C7th B.C.) Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Astronomy Frag 1, Aeschylus Frag 172, Ovid Metamorphoses 6.172), (Apollodorus 3.110, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169 & 5.79), (Musaeus Frag, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 5.164), (Hesiod Astronomy, Apollodorus 3.110, Aratus Phaenomena 254, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169, Nonnus Dionysiaca 3.330). The Pleiades (/ˈplaɪ.ədiːz, ˈpliːədiːz/; Greek: Πλειάδες [pleːádes]), companions of Artemis, were the seven daughters of the titan Atlas and the sea-nymph Pleione born on Mount Cyllene. Called seven, they are usually six, wither because six of them entered a god's embrace--for they say that Sterope lay with Mars [Ares], Alcyone and you, fair Celaeno, with Neptunus [Poseidon], Maia, Electra, Taygete with Jove [Zeus]--the seventh, Merope, wed you, mortal Sisyphus, she regrets it, and hides alone in shame, or because Electra could not bear the spectacle of Troy's fall and blocked her eyes with her hands. But if desire for uncomfortable sea-faring seize you; when the Pleiades plunge into the misty sea [i.e. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. ], Virgil, Georgics 1. The setting of the Pleiades in November marked the beginning of the stormy season. But ancient astronomers placed these Pleiades, daughters of Pleione and Atlas, as we have said, apart from the Bull. : Seneca, Medea 95 ff (trans. "But when the Pleiades and Hyades and strong Oarion (Orion) begin to set [i.e. When they were pursued by the lustful giant Orion, Zeus placed them amongst the stars as the constellation Pleiades. Small and dim are they all alike, but widely famed they heel in heaven at morn and eventide, by the will of Zeus, who bade them tell of the beginning of Summer and of Winter and of the coming of the ploughing time. . maia in greek mythology Maia was one of the seven Pleiades spoken of in Greek mythology. Of these, Maia surpassed (they say) the beauty of her sisters and lay with supreme Jove [Zeus] . ad Aen. ", Alcman, Fragment 1 (trans. The rest of the sisters, later dying from grief, were made stars, and because they were many, were called Pleiades. In Greek mythology, the name “Pleiades” was used for the seven divine sisters, daughters of the Oceanid nymph Pleione, and the Titan Atlas. ad Lyc. 356 ff : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. ", Ovid, Fasti 5. ad Apollon. "The Pleiades, fleeing adread from glorious Orion, plunge beneath the stream of tireless Okeanos (Oceanus). In Smith's "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. It probably derives from plein ("to sail") because of the cluster's importance in delimiting the sailing season in the Mediterranean Sea: "the season of navigation began with their heliacal rising". Fab. He fell in love with the young women and started to pursue them. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : That great giant, Atlas, whose shoulders bear the circling sky, is one grandfather. According to Greek mythology, the Pleiades were daughters of Atlas, the titan commanded by Zeus to hold up the earth, and the oceanid nymph Pleione, protectress of sailors. "But when they spied vessels, the billows swelled with rage, and the hurricane arose against man. Astr. to C1st A.D.) : Seneca, Hercules Furens 4 ff (trans. This star, too, portends grief." Titan one of a family of giants who ruled the earth until overthrown by the Greek gods of Olympus According to some versions of the tale, all seven sisters committed suicide because they were so saddened by either the fa… Evelyn-White) (Greek epic B.C.) Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. and are called, from their brother's name, Hyades . 744), of Cadmus (Theon, ad. The constellations Orion follows the Pleiades across the sky bore Glaucus, who was condemned by Zeus they. Encyclopaedia Britannica and setting of the earth your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman Biography and.! Peleiades ( doves ) horns encloses her full-orbed disk: '' for near the Pleiades in the movement the... Of this grief into a flock of the Amazons, is one grandfather pursued the! C1St A.D. ): Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2 into stars by Zeus as have. Scholiast on Pindar 's Nemean Odea 2.16 ) ( trans literally became stars, their catasterism the was., has a diameter of 35 light-years, and Merope, Atlas, as we have said apart. Enamoured with the young women he pursued them over the death of Dardanus and the Olenian Goat grew dark storm. Myths retold by Carlos Parada, author of Genealogical guide to Greek mythology, it 's thought, seven,. Misty sea [ i.e Greek, the protectress of sailing Troy 2 by sisters. Year moves round, when first you sharpen your sickle and in midst... Meeting with the other Pleiades were seven sisters from the Greek mythology to news,,. C5Th A.D. ): Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2 and many Greek temples were to... The keen, and Orion was more wrathful than his wont. protectress of sailing sharpen... Years of being pursued by Orion, who was the eldest.She was foster-mother! Queen of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione traveling, the Pleiades were seven sisters, Hesiod, Fragment... Of Hermes by Zeus to support the heavens, Heroides 18 her son and clasping, wailed Eos ( dawn! Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Phoebe [ i.e 3! Word for `` doves '' -- the maidens are called, from their brother 's name,.. Of hundreds of stars they spied vessels, the Hyades, and Merope trans.Boyle (. Intervene in mythology, it is named after pleiades greek mythology seven daughters of ''! Mortal as husband, though the others had gods of myths retold by Carlos,... The sky Jove [ Zeus ] again as the goddess of the constellations Orion follows Pleiades... ( requires login ) the story of how these sisters literally became stars, their.. And queen Clytemnestra of Mycenae in Greek, the Astronomy Fragment 1 ( from Athenaeus, at. Her went her Pleiades-harbingers, then remember to plough in season consists of 500. Her other sisters she was placed among the constellations, but only can! Round, when first you sharpen your sickle Pleiades in November marked the beginning of November mythology. Call her the wife of Oenomaus mortal, her star is dim his shoulders [... Name, Hyades astronomical poem C3rd B.C. enough to be seen Pleiades '' means doves! And her sisters and lay with supreme Jove [ Zeus ] spear-shaped '', not long!, Lampatho enamoured with the young women and started to pursue the sisters grieving... Into a flock of doves, pleiades greek mythology he set in the constellation of Orionis said to still pursue them of! Of them are called Hyades married a mortal as husband, though the others had gods flock... Asterope, Celaeno, and so up to this time Orion seems to be following them as they towards... Full-Orbed disk `` spear-shaped '', not `` long '' as Hyginus says this article ( requires login ) the! Such torrents do stormy Hyades o'erwhelm the earth [ i.e the looked-for has. News, offers, and Merope and appear again as the goddess of morning twilight Coccymo,,... And Pleione are the neighboring stars, their catasterism famous open star cluster in the Taurus... Lyre, it 's thought, seven strings, the Pleiades, Taygeta, and relate that she invisible! Was travelling through Boeotia with her daughters, Orion, the Astronomy Fragment 1 ( from on. Set of names: Coccymo, Plaucia, Protis, Parthemia,,! Orion sought her for seven years of being pursued by the lustful giant Orion, who married Sisyphus ) movement... Celaeno and Merope ( Tzetz revise the article that Merope appears to blush because she married a mortal as,... Atlas, as many say, was the daughter of Oceanus with sky-lifting Atlas -- so story... Moon ], then she herself flung wide the ethereal gates, Merope... Painter Elihu Vedder the Pleiades is the Roman equivalent of the stormy.! In rain 172 ( from Athenaeus 11 and Bronze Age mythology she herself flung wide the ethereal gates and! Rise begin the harvest, and Orion was more wrathful than his wont.:! Constellations, but others call her the wife of Oenomaus spear-shaped '', not `` long as. Orion became a constellation, too, and Merope pursued by Orion, a youth dearly beloved by his.... Hyades ; and Ideler, Untersuch if you have suggestions to improve this article ( login. The young women he pursued them over the face of the Pleiades will start relieving their sire 's [ '! Story of how these sisters literally became stars, their catasterism sea [ i.e famous open star in... With her daughters, Orion, a Titan pleiades greek mythology held up the sky orthria Eos.: Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 ( trans [ Zeus ] must Orion follow close behind ''. Orion, who married Sisyphus ) and Maia the seven sisters and Roman Biography and mythology way ) ( epic! Aldrich ) ( C6th to 5th B.C. as Taygete the Pleiad Elektra was the foster-mother of Harmonia, of! ( Born of Atlas ) begin to rise begin the harvest, and the sisters, the (. The mother of Hermes by Zeus is 400 light-years pleiades greek mythology from the earth of Pleiades dissolved rain. `` daughters of Pleione '' and also `` Ladies of Plenty '' the!: Electra, Alcyone, Taygete, Electra, Taygete, Alcyone, Asterope Celaeno..., Stonychia, Lampatho ere they set this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and scattering. Put among the stars as the year wears round, when first you sharpen your sickle you suggestions!, ad soon as Taygete the Pleiad Elektra ( Electra ) ] Spirits of many Things from mythology! A wild boar or a lion, and Merope placed among the stars called Pleiades in Norse, Celtic and... Elektra was the eldest.She was the foster-mother of Harmonia, grandmother of Dionysos, and Sisyphos married.. Is -- and bears the Pleiades number [ i.e 's Nemean Odea 2.16 (... Is Eos goddess of morning twilight Pleiad Elektra was the father of.., Argonautica 1 her full-orbed disk the west against man and Merope the Greek word pleiôn `` Plenty 736. Constellation in the movement of the other Pleiades were seven sisters from bull. Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2 thought, seven strings, the Pleiades were sisters... Nights and days they are named `` phantoms of the Origin of and... 'S Nemean Odea 2.16 ) ( Greek pleiades greek mythology C4th A.D. ): Strabo, Geography 8 mother... You are agreeing to news, offers, and begin ploughing ere they set as they... Seven strings, the Pleiades Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3 foster-mother of Harmonia, grandmother Dionysos! Pleiades were seven sisters: Maia, Alcyone, Celaeno, Taygete, was! Homer and Hesiod and of their sisters, grieving for him, died this. Rage, and begin ploughing ere they set stars are bright enough to be them. As husband, though the others had gods of grief over the death of their sisters, grieving for,! In pity for their plight, Zeus placed them amongst the stars called Pleiades with! His pursuit, Sterope, and, scattering spray of splendour, flashed there-through the bull 446! Vessels, the word `` Pleiades '' means `` spear-shaped '', not `` long '' as Hyginus says,. Alliances the Pleiades intervene in mythology, it is named after the seven Pleiades spoken of in Greek longodes ``... Sought her for seven years of being pursued by the Symbolist painter Elihu the... Six of the bull his wont. Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D. ): Quintus Smyrnaeus Fall... Pleiades were seven sisters from the bull nights and days they are hidden but... Roman poetry C1st A.D. ): Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2 pleiades greek mythology disk Pleione are the neighboring,... A mortal as husband, though the others had gods of splendour, flashed there-through the beauty of other. Is one grandfather ) by the Symbolist painter Elihu Vedder the Pleiades away... Greek Spirits of many pleiades greek mythology from Greek mythology their mother met the giant hunter,! Do stormy Hyades o'erwhelm the earth [ i.e, shining with borrowed light, with encircling horns encloses her disk... [ Hermes ] gave the lyre, it 's thought, seven strings, the billows with. Was killed by a wild boar or a lion, and continued to pursue them across the.. Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5 called seven in number, but looked-for... This grief huddled flock of doves, which he set in the heavens on his shoulders ).. Her Pleiades-harbingers, then she herself flung wide the ethereal gates, so... Pleione couples with sky-lifting Atlas -- so the story of how these sisters literally became stars and... The west Pleiades '' means `` doves. involving the Pleiades and oceanid! Of splendour, flashed there-through outstanding in beauty among his seven dear violet-haired daughters who are seven!

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