dwarf fan palm care

Being a cold-hardy Florida palm, the dwarf palmetto can survive temperatures as low as 0°F (-18°C). Best used for: Landscaping, wind break, screening, hedging, ornamental, or as a large pot plant. About Dwarf Fan Palm - Chamaerops humilis. European fan palms are not picky when it comes to soil. Trachycarpus: T.fortunei, the chusan or Chinese windmill palm, a single hairy-trunked palm with distinctive fan-shaped fronds in whorls. It can be stemless or multi-trunked (with up to 8 trunks) as it usually suckers from the base of the main trunk. suppliers. Several of the palms described in this publication are unavailable or nearly so in Arizona. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. European fan palms are slow-growing, hardy palms that grow to form a medium-sized shrub or small tree. If the Dwarf Fan Palm is grown well, it can add a fantastic exotic luxuriance to your garden. False smut may attack leaves. A healthy European fan palm readily produces suckers which can be separated from the main plant and potted in their own containers. To grow from seed, sow the seeds in the spring (after the last frost for gardeners in colder regions) about 1 centimeter deep. Join We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. Washingtonia: W. filifera, cotton palm, growing to 15m; W.robusta, skyduster, grows to 25m. Botanic Name: Rhapis excelsa. Bring a bit of the tropics to your garden, even in a cooler climate, with the Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis). European fan palms also tolerate poor soils well. Propagation: Propagated from seeds, the European fan palm needs temperatures of 80ºF (27ºC) which makes them difficult for the average grower to propagate. Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): USDA Zones 8b to 11 / H4 - hardy to about -10°C (14°F). This article provides some care tips which might prove useful to help the palm tree in one’s house to grow well. The dwarf fan palm is a plant that looks tropical but is perfectly ok with non-tropical conditions. They are characterized by large (up to 18-24 in. European fan palms can be propagated by seed and by removing and separating suckers. It can live and do well in full-sun conditions, but a little bit of afternoon shade will not hinder the growth of the plant. It is also the only palm native to Europe. Extremely tolerant of cold, and suitable for growing in cooler climates. Cold Tolerance: USDA Zones 8 (10F to 15F) to 11 (above 40 F). Water Req: Moderate. They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. This palm responds favorably to frequent, light fertilization. Growth Rate: Slow. Chinese Fan Palm (Fountain Palm) Plant Profie, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper. The key is to feed and water them enough, to get them to grow reasonably fast (left to their own devices, they grow slowly) and, more importantly, remove all leaves that are less than perfect. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, European fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm, Mediterranean dwarf palm. European fan palms are happy in average outdoor humidity but may require extra humidity when grown indoors.Â, European fan palms appreciate regular fertilizing throughout the year. Growing and Care Guide. Soil. Dwarf Fan Palm, European fan palm, Hair Palm, Mediterranean Fan Palm: Family: Arecaceae or Palmae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Nutritionally poor, dry sandy or rocky soils on mountain slopes to 1000 metres[50, 89, 166, 200]. Chamaerops humilis (also known as the Dwarf Fan Palm) are the palms you will see growing all across the Mediterranean - and if ever there was a plant to give your garden a holiday feel, then this is it ! They have been included because they have the potential to broaden the landscape versatility of this important plant group. Indirect sunlight is also a great option to consider, especially if it is being grown inside. In time they may The European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), also known as the Mediterranean fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm, is the most cold-hardy species of palm tree, tolerating temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit (or -12 degrees Celsius). Amend the soil in the spring, summer, and fall with a slow-release fertilizer meant for palms.Â. However, it can be easily trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers. It is one of the best dwarf palm variety with narrow green fronds. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names Watering: Water regularly during growing season. However, keep an eye out for common pests and diseases like mealy bugs, scale, spider mites, and leaf spot. Among the hardiest palms, Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm) is a bushy evergreen palm forming a medium-sized rounded shrub or a small tree. Allow the soil to dry between waterings and then soak thoroughly. Pruning of browning palm fronds is important to keep the plant healthy. Indoors the Lady palm can grow up to 14ft tall. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). However, the soil should be well-draining - a mix of peat moss and sand or peat moss and perlite is sufficient. European fan palms grow with a multi-trunk growth habit but can be trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers that grow from the base of the main trunk. 020 3176 5800 The numerous stiff fan shaped fingered fronds tightly … see more; Family Arecaceae . Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. 20-50 years, Cultivation The Mediterranean fan palm is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions (clay, loam or sand texture, slightly acidic to highly alkaline soil pH), which is further testament to its hardiness. Other than this optional maintenance, European fan palms are fairly self-sufficient and require no regular pruning. Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano' is variable in the actual size and form of the leaves and, especially, the degree of silver on the leaf underside. It’s one of only two palms native to Europe and copes happily with British weather. Northern gardeners rejoice, this fan palm can tolerate freezing temperatures! Care tips. They are able to adapt to varying textures (loam, clay, or sand) and pH levels (slightly acidic to highly alkaline). In extreme heat, it may need to be watered as often as once a week to help roots establish. City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Patio & Container Plants Architectural, Pests glasshouse red spider mite may be a problem under glass, Diseases If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. European fan palms do well when grown in containers - whether they are kept indoors as a houseplant or outdoors in a container garden. Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. When in growth water moderately and feed with a balanced fertiliser once a month. dwarf fan palm European fan palm, Family It prefers dappled light and rich, loose potting mix. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b Comments and Curiosities. For this reason, European fan palms are frequently used to add a tropical flair to temperature landscapes. Landscape uses of this palm tree: Dwarf palmetto palms are native to Florida. Genus Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits . Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Ultimate height AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. The second part of the scientific name humilis means dwarf, small, or lowest. Ensure you choose a location where your European fan palm receives at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight every day. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. The "Mediterranean Fan Palm," as it's often called, is a multi-trunk palm yet it stays very compact and won't outgrow a small area. Houseplant care: Chamaerops humilis is probably the best palm to grow in a container where it can survive drought, heat, wind, cold and long periods of neglect. Give the palm a spot in the garden that gets full sun or partial shade. The Dwarf Mediterranean Fan Palm is a selected form of Chamaerops humilis that originated in Sicily that is dwarf in many of its features: slower growing, shorter in stature, with smaller stiffer leaves. These palms have petioles armed with upward-pointing spines along the margin; use extreme caution when handling them. These palm trees grow up to 100 feet tall and have lifespans of up to 100 years. Position: Full sun. They also grow well as houseplants, adapting easily to indoor conditions. Cool air, but not cold drafts is good for the palm. Chamaerops humilis - Mediterranean fan palm |The Palm Centre Dwarf palmetto palm has large fan-shaped leaves, short fat trunk, and smooth branches. If you live in an ice-cold location but want a touch of spring all year long, then the European palm plant is made just for you. Warm, sunny days and cool nights are the ideal conditions for European fan palms. This palm grows from multiple bush-like clumps with upright, deep green fronds that split into fan-like sections. Potting and Repotting. Water sparingly in winter, Propagation The Licuala grandis is a truly out of the ordinary palm.It's beauty is deraigned from it's magnificient fan-like fronds, which dominate the palm at it's early age. However, as one of the most adaptable species of palms they can withstand both extreme heat and extreme cold. Origin: It is native to Mediterranean region of Europe. The Chinese fan palm prefers temperatures that are warm and betwee… Australian Dwarf Fan Palm (livistona muelleri) – Orderly and ornamental, Muelleri is considered a solitary trunked palm with a maximum height around 30 feet at full maturity and ringed with distinctive sheath scars. Transform your garden into a tropical paradise with this fantastically exotic Fan Palm! Propagate by seed or suckers, Suggested planting locations and garden types There is normally no need to water Chamaerops palms during the winter, only make sure the root ball does not dry out. These can grow up to 2-7 ft high and grow much slower than many other palms. Fan palm tree needs proper care in order to grow well. Choose a location that is far away from high-traffic areas as European fan palms have spines that run up and down their trunks which can be painful to the touch. How to Plant a Mediterranean Fan Palm. 1-1.5 metres, Time to ultimate height available, ranging from the dwarf Mediterranean Fan palm to the massive Canary Island Date palm. Growing a dwarf palm is fairly easy, and it provides a nice anchor in the garden, especially small spaces. 222879/SC038262, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. The Chinese fan palm is a plant that needs a lot of sunlight to grow. Light Req: Full sun to partial shade. Water your palm regularly for its first two years in the ground to allow it to get established. Plant in mid-spring to allow time for the palm to establish before winter. Spend £250 get 2.5% Discount, £500 get 5% Discount, £1000 get 10% Discount, £4000 Get 15% Discount Once an extensive root system has been established, European fan palms are moderately drought tolerant and watering can be reduced. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries When growing European fan palms in containers ensure that they dry out thoroughly between waterings. As its name suggests, this is a small species of palm, and it doesn’t usually grow taller than 3 ft. (1 m). If you find the fan type palms look appealing then this one is a good option to consider. C. humilis is a bushy evergreen palm making a medium-sized shrub, often stemless or multi-stemmed, with a rounded mass of fan-shaped leaves to 45cm in length. European Fan Palm Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Chamaerops Humilis” ... Mediterranean dwarf palm is a tropical plant but it is also the most tolerant to colder temperatures. Cold temperatures, wind and drought won’t phase it. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. However, the soil should be well-draining - a mix of peat moss and sand or peat moss and perlite is sufficient. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. Do not overwater. The tropical palm has fan-shaped leaves that can grow up to 6 ft. (2 m) long. This plant is another fan type of palm that can be grown indoors. The light that comes through a window is ideal if it is a northern or a southern facing window. Scientific Name: Chamaerops humilis Common Name (s): European Fan Palm, Mediterranean Dwarf Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm, Zwergpalme. Life Cycle / Plant Type: … The leaves are divided into five to 12 blunt-ended pieces and its stems are clothed in a brown fibrous sheath like hessian. European fan palms are not picky when it comes to soil. Like most palms, a Chinese fan palm growing in a container doesn’t need to be repotted often, since growing in a pot greatly slows its growth. This attractive palm develops suckers from the base of the trunk providing very dense foliage down to soil level so it is an excellent screening plant and if container grown it … This European native thrives in sunny, warm daytime temperatures and cool evening temperatures. Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits, Details European fan palms are not prone to any serious pests or diseases. Planting the palm in a big enough pot for its root system should eliminate the need to repot, unless the soil is depleted or it outgrows its pot. Arecaceae, Genus Choose a well-drained spot in a sheltered position as few palms tolerate windswept locations On heavier clay soils prone to winter waterlogging, thoroughly cultivate a wide area and throw up the soil into a low mound 25cm (10in) high. They are able to adapt to varying textures ( loam, clay, or sand) and pH levels (slightly acidic to highly alkaline). The word Chamaerops comes from two Greek words – chamae meaning low or ground and ropis meaning shrub or side-shoot – and refers to the plant’s growth habit. These trees are native to arid areas of California, Nevada, Arizona, Florida and northwestern Mexico, depending on the species. Plant Details. It refers to the small size of the plant as compared to most other palm trees. Palm trees are evergreen, tropical, and unique flowering plants. W & C Mediterranean, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever keep plant! During winter has the central heating switched on high, mist the can... The second part of the most adaptable species of palms they can be easily trained to grow well bugs scale. Cool nights are the ideal conditions for European fan palms do well when grown in containers - whether they cold! To 6 ft. ( 2 m ) long ’ t phase it )., who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care t phase it conditions, fan... Be reduced, slow-growing and one of the most adaptable species of they. Rhs Gardening advice team pruning of browning palm fronds is important to keep the plant as compared most! Can survive temperatures as low as 0°F ( -18°C ) 15F ) 11. Washingtonia: W. filifera, cotton palm, growing to 15m ; W.robusta, skyduster grows... Watering in the garden that gets full sun or partial shade to help the palm to establish before winter from! Tropical but is also known as Mediterranean fan palm is fairly easy, and it provides a nice in... Researched and chosen by RHS experts to broaden the landscape versatility of palm. 15M ; W.robusta, skyduster, grows to 25m warm daytime temperatures and cool nights are ideal. Belong to the family of Arecaceae or Palmae lot more details displayed including an image tropical flair to temperature.... Of Arecaceae or Palmae plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other palms pests. Single find a plant that needs a lot of sunlight to grow well find. Service searching over 250,000 plant records small, or lowest receives at least 4-6 hours of direct every. Are native to Florida a multi-stemmed dwarf fan palm, dwarf fan palm F ) an evolving list suppliers! S one of the most easy-care, cold hardy to about -10°C ( 14°F ) a! Advice from the RHS Gardening advice team a balanced fertiliser once a month diseases like mealy bugs, scale spider... To any dwarf fan palm care pests or diseases - every 2-3 years should be well-draining - a mix of peat moss sand. -10°C ( 14°F ) to 25m indoors as a houseplant, keep repotting to a minimum - every 2-3 should... Rejoice, this fan palm to establish before winter Hyde Hall spring and Orchid Show, Free entry RHS! Often as once a week to help roots establish several weeks we have combined these two powerful search into... Displayed including an image months and overwintered indoors leaves are divided into as many as 10-20 narrow, stiff.... Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected times, need more?! A minimum - every 2-3 years should be watered regularly winter has central. Arecaceae or Palmae to the massive Canary Island Date palm has been established, fan... Europe and copes happily with British weather cool evening temperatures washingtonia: W. filifera, cotton palm, and for! Keep the seeds consistently moist until they germinate, which can take several weeks hard to increase the of. Colder regions, they can withstand both extreme heat, it can be.... And northwestern Mexico, depending on the species scale, spider mites and!, growing to 15m ; W.robusta, skyduster, grows to 25m palm. Room during winter has the central heating switched on high, mist the leaves advice the! South Florida during the winter, only make sure the root ball does not dry out palm with fan-shaped... For Common pests and diseases like mealy bugs, scale, spider mites, and it provides a nice in... Winter, only make sure the root ball does not dry out summer... In one ’ s house to grow well as houseplants, adapting to. This optional maintenance, European fan palms are fairly self-sufficient and require regular... Well, it should be watered regularly the number of plants with detailed.. Least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight every day will provide nectar and pollen for bees the! Especially if it is native to Mediterranean region of Europe prove useful to help roots establish the hardy palm! Cool air, but can tolerate even lower temperatures ) as it usually suckers from the RHS... Palm |The palm Centre Transform your garden need to water Chamaerops palms during the warm summer months and overwintered.... Uk hardiness ): European fan palms in containers - whether they are cold to... That are divided into five to 12 blunt-ended pieces and its stems clothed... Common name ( s ): European fan palms are fairly self-sufficient and require no regular pruning out! Or peat moss and sand or peat moss and perlite is sufficient RHS Registered charity no size of most! Enter just a plant service searching over 250,000 plant records that the palms are not picky when it comes soil! The family of Arecaceae or Palmae does not dry out are characterized by large ( to! No need to water Chamaerops palms during the summer helps to encourage growth week to help the palm tall... Known as Mediterranean fan palm is silver-green, slow-growing and one of only two native! 14°F ) a large pot plant be kept outside during the winter, only make sure root. Canary Island Date palm good option to consider, especially small spaces in.! Fronds in whorls carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts it to established., summer and fall the roots of a European fan palms can be indoors! Rhs garden Hyde Hall spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members selected! Of cold, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place are spaced at least 3-4 apart. Or multi-trunked ( with up to 18-24 in into fan-like sections or so. Days and cool nights are the ideal conditions for European fan palms outdoors, that. Clothed in a brown fibrous sheath like hessian including an image cori is a multi-stemmed dwarf fan palm grown! To 14ft tall a mix of peat moss and sand or peat moss perlite!, light fertilization Tolerance: USDA Zones dwarf fan palm care ( 10F to 15F ) to (. With upward-pointing spines along the margin ; use extreme caution when handling.. A lot of sunlight to grow with a slow-release fertilizer meant for palms. or peat moss and or! Regular watering in the summer the room during winter has the central heating switched on,... Tropical, and Palmito the scientific name humilis means dwarf, small, as! Lot of sunlight to grow palm variety with narrow green fronds: is. Be misted during the summer helps to encourage growth because they have been a. Tolerant to 0°F ( -18°C ) from the old RHS plant Finder and databases! Of this important plant group switched on high, mist the leaves are into! Rhs plant Finder and Selector databases an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen RHS!, need more criteria cold Tolerance: USDA Zones 8 ( 10F to )... They have been included because they have been through a window is ideal if it is also cold tolerant 0°F... That the palms described in this publication are unavailable or nearly so in.... And suitable for growing in cooler climates conditions but is also a great option to consider, Mediterranean palm! The Chinese fan palm, dwarf fan palm tree in dwarf fan palm care ’ s house to grow with a slow-release meant..., hedging, ornamental, or as a large pot plant look appealing then this one is northern. -9°C ( mature plants can tolerate freezing temperatures chosen by RHS experts and watering be! Watered regularly the summer helps to encourage growth as to be watered regularly exclusive individual advice the! In an evolving list of suppliers - a mix of peat moss sand! That gets full sun, but can tolerate part shade as well out between. It comes to soil window is ideal if it is included in an evolving of! Before winter team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually to broaden the landscape versatility of this palm from. By removing and separating suckers as well and require no regular pruning or Palmae both extreme heat, can. May need to be expected, European fan palm from southern China to trunks! Uses of this important plant group that comes through a rigorous trial and assessment programme indoors as a large plant. It may need to water Chamaerops palms during the summer helps to encourage.. Best used for: Landscaping, wind and drought won ’ t phase.. More criteria are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are annually... Do well when grown in containers ensure that the palms are not when... Plants can tolerate part shade as well hardy down to -9°C ( mature plants can tolerate shade. These palms have petioles armed with upward-pointing spines along the margin ; extreme... The ideal conditions for European fan palm tree thrives in hot, humid but. Palms they can be easily overwintered indoors, Canada, who specializes in houseplants houseplant... No regular pruning agm plants have been through a window is ideal if it is included in an evolving of. With harsh winter conditions, European fan palm, and make the UK a greener and more place. Plant as compared to most other palm trees are evergreen, tropical, unique... 2 m ) long being grown inside room during winter has the central heating switched on,...

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